Posts in Subsea
Remaining Life Assessment of Subsea Jumpers, Flowlines & Risers

GATE was engaged to evaluate the current condition and remaining life of the subsea jumpers and flowline of a deepwater oil and gas facility in the Gulf of Mexico.

The subsea field, which was comprised of multiple oil wells, was produced at a Tension Leg Platform (TLP) with a nominal capacity to produce 100,000 barrels of oil and 50 million cubic feet of gas per day. The subsea and topsides facilities were designed to operate with an expected maximum carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration of 0.15 mole percent from any given producing well.

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Post-ILI Corrosion Assessment & Wax Control Strategy

After an in-line inspection of a pipeline in West Africa, a client discovered significant wall loss in the first three miles of the line. The tool also returned significant wax deposits, casting doubt on the current wax management efforts in place.

The wells producing to the pipeline historically produced H2S; however, the worst offenders were shut-in quickly after it was discovered that they were producing extremely high concentrations of the sour gas.

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SlipLine® - Pipeline Remediation Solution in LA Wetlands

A Louisiana operator experienced integrity issues with an existing 3 inch saltwater disposal pipeline. Production history recorded multiple leaks in the existing pipe, which resulted in environmental remediation. Upon investigation the operator determined that the said discharge pipe was unsuitable for future use. BlueFin was sought to review the situation and develop a plan of action that would resolve the integrity issues.

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Pipeline Evacuation & Assessment

A GoM operator witnessed a leaking 6” pipeline. Upon repairing the visual leak and attempting to perform a successful hydrostatic pressure test a second non-visual leak occurred, ultimately resulting in extended production loss.

In order to perform a second assessment and bring production back online, the pipeline assessment required a 100% fluidpacked volume of seawater to ensure an oxygen-free environment.

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Hydrate Remediation

A Gulf of Mexico (GoM) operator in the process of decommissioning one of its fields requested the engineering assessment of a blockage existing in their flowline-riser. The reservoir fluid characteristics and the field’s operational history were extensively reviewed. The review indicated hydrates to be the likely cause of the blockage.

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Paraffin Remediation

A GoM operator witnessed increased differential pipeline pressures on multiple production flowlines in a single field. Field history and maintenance projects indicated paraffin and asphaltene deposition. Routine measures to solve this particular flow assurance problem compromised conventional production chemical applications. While such chemical injection and batch solvent treatments provided resolution by retarding deposition, minimal mitigation resulted and no increase of production was achieved.

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Pipeline Surveillance

As a result of paraffin deposition, a GoM operator experienced increased differential pressures in a bulk crude sales pipeline. Historical line maintenance followed normal production chemical treatment. Once pipeline differential pressures reached an alarming level, it was proven that conventional chemical treatment recommendations failed to protect the pipeline or mitigate the ongoing issue. In addition to increasing differential pipeline pressure, depositional shearing became a valid concern and threat to total pipeline plug off.

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Hydrate & Wax Blockage Remediation

A West Africa field operator witnessed an abnormal increase in pressure topsides when the flowline circulation pump was used to pump dead oil into the production line. No increase in subsea pressure was observed. Operational history prior to blockage hinted at the possibility of the presence of one or both wax and hydrate blockages in the production line. Depressurization options were limited by the blocked gas lift line.

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