Flow Patterns During Friction Stir Welding

Friction Stir Welding is a relatively new technique for welding that uses cylindrical pin or nib inserted along the weld seam. The nib (usually threaded) and the shoulder in which it is mounted are rapidly rotated and advanced along the seam. Extreme deformation takes place leaving a fine equiaxed structure in the weld region. The flow of metal during Friction Stir Welding is investigated using a faying surface tracer and a nib frozen in place during welding.

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